Assessing Sensitivity and Specificity of Surveillance Case Definitions for Zika Virus Disease
Researchers evaluated the performance of 5 Zika case definitions recommended by the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists, World Health Organization, Pan American Health Organization, European Centers for Disease Control, and the Singapore Ministry of Health. They utilized these definitions for Zika virus disease surveillance in a human cohort of 359 adult patients with suspected Zika virus disease during an outbreak in Singapore, August 26–September 5, 2016. Because laboratory tests are largely inaccessible, use of case definitions that include rash as a required clinical feature are useful in identifying this disease.
"These babies do not catch up as they grow," says Dr. Antonio Augusto Moura da Silva of the Federal University of Maranhao, Sao Luis, Brazil.
He's describing the findings from a study of 48 babies whose mothers were believed to have been infected with the Zika virus. Forty-two of the children were diagnosed with microcephaly. The study, on the early neurological growth pattern of the infants, will be published in the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases in November but was released early online.
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Environmental Protection Agency Urge Commonwealth of Puerto Rico to Consider Aerial Spraying as Part of Integrated Mosquito Control to Reduce Zika-Associated Birth Defects
Acting on data from multiple scientific studies in Puerto Rico that show that Zika is spreading rapidly and is a major risk to pregnant women and their fetuses, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommend the people and the government of Puerto Rico consider implementing aerial spraying as part of an integrated mosquito control program.
Before October 2015, the few scientists who knew much about the Zika virus could have summed it up in two words: mostly harmless.
That’s still largely true.
Via The Guardian of Public Health
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